Issue #

156

|

Volume

9

August 26, 2020

In this Issue

Here are some of the news articles we are following:

  • CDC started posting comments from the public
  • MSC Cruises says family denied reboarding after they broke COVID-19 'social bubble'
  • When Carnival Cruise Line Ships May Start Sailing Again
  • MSC Cruises Tells Passengers No Shore Visits Without a Chaperone
  • Ruby Princess: New South Wales premier apologizes over cruise ship outbreak
  • First Mediterranean cruise sets sail after Italy's coronavirus lockdown lifts
  • 'Stop the fear mongering!': Peeved cruise-goers tell the CDC they're ready to set sail despite the pandemic
  • MSC Grandiosa Departs Genoa for First Cruise with New Protocols
  • Maldives Excluded in the List of 30 Safe Stamped Countries
  • Parting of the Seas: Onboard a Kimberly Coral Expeditions Adventure
  • CMV Cruise Ship Fleet Sits in Limbo Status
  • What does it mean when a cruise ship goes into cold lay-up?
  • TUI To Enter River Cruise Business Later This Year
  • Survey Data Reveals Post COVID Cruise Trends

Cover Image by:

CDC started posting comments from the public

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) began posting comments from the public on how cruise ships should restart sailings. Since July 24, the Centers have been asking for feedback from the general public on cruise companies resuming passenger operations. 2000+ comments submitted to the federal agency have been currently shared on the CDC site. Each submission has the name of the submitter, along with their comments.

Check out this link...


MSC Cruises says family denied reboarding after they broke COVID-19 'social bubble'

“MSC Cruises cracked down on passengers who broke newly implemented COVID-19 health and safety protocol as the cruise line's ships resume sailing after the pandemic shut the global industry down in March.  On Tuesday, the cruise line denied a family from getting back on board the MSC Grandiosa after an excursion during which MSC Cruises says they broke from the "social bubble" put in place to avoid the spread of coronavirus. The Grandiosa departed from Genoa, Italy, Sunday on what was billed as the first Mediterranean cruise after Italy’s pandemic lockdown. "We had to deny re-embarkation to a family who broke from their shore excursion yesterday while visiting Naples, Italy," Paige Rosenthal, spokesperson for MSC Cruises, told USA TODAY Wednesday. Among the other port calls for the Grandiosa are Palermo, Italy, and Valletta, Malta. Malta is one of four Mediterranean countries from which Italy requires incoming travelers to have COVID-19 tests.” 

Read more

 

Update: When Carnival Cruise Line Ships May Start Sailing Again

“Carnival Cruise Line could be cruising again with some ships in North America later this year, while other itineraries and ships are projected to start service again later in 2021 or beyond.  A look at the expected first sailing of each Carnival ship as the cruise industry gets back into service (all information is subject to change due to the COVID-19 crisis).” 

Read more

 

MSC Cruises Tells Passengers No Shore Visits Without a Chaperone

“This one is straight out of the seventh-grade Sadie Hawkins Day Dance.

MSC Cruises, which is set to resume sailing again in the Mediterranean on August 16, is telling passengers that if they plan to visit shore at ports of call, they better plan on a third wheel coming along.  MSC says it will only allow passengers to leave the boat if they are accompanied by a chaperone from the ship. The chaperone will act as a monitor of sorts, ensuring that travelers are following proper health protocols such as face masks and social distancing to help prevent the spread of the coronavirus.  It is one of the most unique and certainly most restrictive – and, uh, potentially uncomfortable – guidelines set for tourists since the pandemic began six months ago.  "Guests will be able to enjoy the different destinations the ships visit, but this will be only as part of an organized MSC Cruises excursion that will be delivered with the same high standards of health and safety as on board," the company said in a press release. "By taking this decision the Company is able to ensure that every aspect of the guest's time ashore meets the appropriate standards of health and hygiene from ensuring that transfers are properly sanitized, that tour guides and drivers are wearing PPE, venues and sites to be visited are pre-screened through to ensuring there are reserved areas for MSC Cruises guests at attractions." ”

Read more

 

Ruby Princess: New South Wales premier apologizes over cruise ship outbreak

“State officials in Australia have apologized for their failures over the handling of a huge Covid-19 outbreak on the Ruby Princess cruise ship.  Last week, an inquiry found New South Wales health authorities made "serious mistakes" in allowing about 2,650 passengers to disembark when the ship docked in Sydney in March. Those people were not tested for the virus, despite suspected cases aboard. The ship was ultimately linked to at least 900 infections and 28 deaths. Prior to Australia's second wave of the virus - which emerged in Melbourne in June - the cruise ship had been the source of Australia's biggest coronavirus cluster. NSW Premier Gladys Berejiklian said she was particularly sorry to the 62 people who had caught the virus from passengers who disembarked. "I can't imagine what it would be like having a loved one - or being someone yourself who continues to suffer and experience trauma as a result - and I want to apologise unreservedly," she said.”  

Read more…

 

First Mediterranean cruise sets sail after Italy's coronavirus lockdown lifts

“ROME – Cruise ship passengers were having their temperatures checked and taking COVID-19 tests Sunday so they could set sail on what is being billed as the first Mediterranean cruise after Italy’s pandemic lockdown. The cruise ship company MSC has made the procedures, for crew as well as passengers, part of its new health and safety protocols. The MSC Grandiosa, which was christened last year, was scheduled to depart from the northern Italian port of Genoa on Sunday evening for a seven-night cruise in the western Mediterranean. Anyone testing positive or who has a fever or other COVID-19 symptoms will be denied boarding, the company said. Guests must wear face masks in elevators and other areas where social distancing is not possible. The crew spent time in quarantine before the start of the cruise. Earlier this month, the Italian government gave its approval for cruise ships to once again depart from Italy’s ports. But cruise ships are being limited to 70% capacity.  MSC declined to say how many passengers were sailing on this cruise.” 

Read more

 

'Stop the fear mongering!': Peeved cruise-goers tell the CDC they're ready to set sail despite the pandemic

“As the expiration date for the United States' no-sail order on the cruise industry gets closer, the Centers for Disease Control wants to know how cruisers about getting back on the water — and the short answer, for most, is that they've been ready. "Cruising is being unfairly singled out," one person wrote to the CDC. "People are catching it everywhere. Let us cruise." In July, the CDC put out a call for input on how to restart cruises, asking the public its thoughts on questions related to "planning and infrastructure," "resumption of passenger operations," and other concerns. The CDC has just shy of 2,500 responses — which range from a single sentence to multiple paragraphs — as of this writing, and has shared more than 1,400 of them. The call comes as the cruise industry continues to face a no-sail order by the CDC through September 30, and after cruises made international headlines at the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic.”

Read more

 

MSC Grandiosa Departs Genoa For First Cruise With New Protocols

“The MSC Grandiosa departed Genoa on Sunday night for the start of MSC's first cruise since it paused operations in March due to COVID-19. Sailing with trimmed occupancy and 10 percent of staterooms set aside for isolation, MSC's flagship will visit Civitavecchia/Rome, Naples, Palermo and Valletta.   In addition, MSC clarified it will only restart operations in the U.S. when the time is right, following approval by the CDC and other relevant authorities across the region in observance of their requirements and guidelines

A second MSC ship, the MSC Magnifica, will debut into operation later this month sailing cruises to the Eastern Mediterranean.”

Read more…  

 

Maldives Excluded in the List of 30 Safe Stamped Countries

“In the list of 30 safe countries by World Travel and Tourism Council, Maldives is excluded which poses a million-dollar question, on how safe the internationally renowned island nation is for traveling. The aspect every traveler looks for in a country now, when boarders are slowly re-opened is the safety of the place. It is without a doubt, the topmost concern, and with the rapid spread, and simultaneous changes in positive cases, it is no longer easy to distinguish which countries are safe and which are not. In light of this, World Travel and Tourism Council, commenced certifying countries to help travelers determine the green zones, by checking if the country is certified with a ‘Safe Travel’ stamp. The countries that reopened its borders are eligible for the Safe Travel stamp, once they fully exercise the global standardized health and hygiene protocols based on the guidelines by the World Health Organisation (WHO) and the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Sectors such as hotels, restaurants, airlines, cruise lines, tour operators, attractions and parks, airports, outdoor shopping, transportation companies and many more are considered while certifying the countries with a ‘Safe Travel’ stamp. Until now, 30 countries have taken a spot on the list with its safe stamp.”

Read more

 

Parting of the Seas: Onboard a Kimberly Coral Expeditions Adventure

“Western Australia’s Kimberley region has one of the world’s wildest coastlines, much of which is only accessible by sea, writes Mark Daffey.  We all know the story about Moses and the Israelites crossing the Red Sea, right? Well, I’m witnessing a natural phenomenon that seems about as close as I’ll ever get to a re-enactment of that Biblical event. Hours earlier, Montgomery Reef was submerged beneath several metres of tepid Indian Ocean water. But with the ebbing tides, the seas have parted to reveal the world’s largest platform reef, and it’s like nothing I’ve ever seen. The tides along this remote part of the Kimberley region, Western Australia, are some of the largest on the planet, dropping and rising by as much as 12 metres during the massive spring tides. As such, they recede with such ferocity that much of the seawater gets left behind, pooling in depressions on the reef’s surface then funneling back into the ocean as gushing cascades. One Swiss couple likens the spectacle to the Norwegian fjords. A Tasmanian imagines white-water rafting down them.” 

Read more

 

CMV Cruise Ship Fleet Sits in Limbo Status

“The Cruise and Maritime Voyages (CMV) fleet currently sits laid up in the UK with an unknown future following the demise of the niche cruise brand, that featured longer well-priced itineraries on classic cruise ships. According to sources familiar with the matter, the ships are actively for sale on the secondhand market, while Administrators now overseeing the company are said to be struggling with crew repatriation.” 

Read more

 

What does it mean when a cruise ship goes into cold lay-up?

“Over the last few weeks, many cruisers have heard cruise lines say their ships may enter cold lay-up, but what does that mean?  With cruise lines entering a prolonged suspension with no cruises resuming anytime soon, one option available is to move ships from a warm lay-up into a cold lay-up. In order to get a better sense of what cold lay-up is and what it means, I turned to Commander Don Goldstein, Retired United States Coast Guard, who has over 32 years of experience. When a cruise ship goes into cold lay-up, it is essentially shutting down as much of the ship as possible in order to cut costs. Royal Caribbean's fleet is currently in a state of warm lay-up, which means they can bring the ship back to service very quickly since the machinery, lifesaving equipment and navigational equipment are all well-kept and up to date. In a cold lay-up, the opposite is true. Most of the mechanical systems are taken offline, with just the bare essentials left online to preserve the ship.” 

Read more

 

TUI To Enter River Cruise Business Later This Year

“TUI announced that its TUI River Cruise operation will set sail later this year on Nov. 26 with Christmas and New Year itineraries and a full program from April 2021. Following the Foreign and Commonwealth Office’s removal of the travel ban for river cruises, final preparations are now underway and the first images of the newly refurbished adult only ships are revealed today and new excursions for this winter announced for the UK market. TUI's three ships, TUI Isla, TUI Maya and TUI Skyla went through a major multi-million-pound makeover, taking 12 to 18 weeks to transform them into stylish and comfortable floating boutique hotels, the company said. Customers will have the choice of two restaurants both complete with floor to ceiling views of the river, – Verdastro, an elegant fine dining experience, and Bistro, a more casual scene. Two brand new bars will also be onboard, the Observatory with glass sliding doors opening out to the terrace and the Club Lounge, a relaxing coffee and cocktail bar with a digital fireplace and signature scent.”  

Read more

 

Survey Data Reveals Post COVID Cruise Trends

“A survey by CruiseCompete.com has uncovered insights about new attitudes among travelers. When asked if COVID-19 has changed how they will choose their next cruise, 58.7% report that they will compare the onboard policies of cruise lines before deciding which line they will book. However, the vast majority of survey respondents plan to cruise again before the end of 2021, (86.6% at least somewhat likely, with 62.3% definitely or very likely).  Top destinations (respondents were encouraged to select all that apply) are Caribbean/Mexico (57.2%), Europe (43.5%) and Alaska (13.7%). Other destinations of interest include Hawaiian Islands and South Pacific, Canada / New England, World, Transatlantic, Antarctica, Galapagos Islands, Panama Canal and Asia. Respondents also expressed a "write-in" interest in river cruises and small ships.” 

Read more…

 

Disclaimer: The views expressed in the articles above are those of the authors' and do not necessarily represent or reflect the views of this e-Newsletter


Having trouble reading?

Download this Issue

Issue #

156

|

Volume

9

August 26, 2020

In this Issue

Here are some of the news articles we are following:

  • CDC started posting comments from the public
  • MSC Cruises says family denied reboarding after they broke COVID-19 'social bubble'
  • When Carnival Cruise Line Ships May Start Sailing Again
  • MSC Cruises Tells Passengers No Shore Visits Without a Chaperone
  • Ruby Princess: New South Wales premier apologizes over cruise ship outbreak
  • First Mediterranean cruise sets sail after Italy's coronavirus lockdown lifts
  • 'Stop the fear mongering!': Peeved cruise-goers tell the CDC they're ready to set sail despite the pandemic
  • MSC Grandiosa Departs Genoa for First Cruise with New Protocols
  • Maldives Excluded in the List of 30 Safe Stamped Countries
  • Parting of the Seas: Onboard a Kimberly Coral Expeditions Adventure
  • CMV Cruise Ship Fleet Sits in Limbo Status
  • What does it mean when a cruise ship goes into cold lay-up?
  • TUI To Enter River Cruise Business Later This Year
  • Survey Data Reveals Post COVID Cruise Trends

Cover Image by:

CDC started posting comments from the public

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) began posting comments from the public on how cruise ships should restart sailings. Since July 24, the Centers have been asking for feedback from the general public on cruise companies resuming passenger operations. 2000+ comments submitted to the federal agency have been currently shared on the CDC site. Each submission has the name of the submitter, along with their comments.

Check out this link...


MSC Cruises says family denied reboarding after they broke COVID-19 'social bubble'

“MSC Cruises cracked down on passengers who broke newly implemented COVID-19 health and safety protocol as the cruise line's ships resume sailing after the pandemic shut the global industry down in March.  On Tuesday, the cruise line denied a family from getting back on board the MSC Grandiosa after an excursion during which MSC Cruises says they broke from the "social bubble" put in place to avoid the spread of coronavirus. The Grandiosa departed from Genoa, Italy, Sunday on what was billed as the first Mediterranean cruise after Italy’s pandemic lockdown. "We had to deny re-embarkation to a family who broke from their shore excursion yesterday while visiting Naples, Italy," Paige Rosenthal, spokesperson for MSC Cruises, told USA TODAY Wednesday. Among the other port calls for the Grandiosa are Palermo, Italy, and Valletta, Malta. Malta is one of four Mediterranean countries from which Italy requires incoming travelers to have COVID-19 tests.” 

Read more

 

Update: When Carnival Cruise Line Ships May Start Sailing Again

“Carnival Cruise Line could be cruising again with some ships in North America later this year, while other itineraries and ships are projected to start service again later in 2021 or beyond.  A look at the expected first sailing of each Carnival ship as the cruise industry gets back into service (all information is subject to change due to the COVID-19 crisis).” 

Read more

 

MSC Cruises Tells Passengers No Shore Visits Without a Chaperone

“This one is straight out of the seventh-grade Sadie Hawkins Day Dance.

MSC Cruises, which is set to resume sailing again in the Mediterranean on August 16, is telling passengers that if they plan to visit shore at ports of call, they better plan on a third wheel coming along.  MSC says it will only allow passengers to leave the boat if they are accompanied by a chaperone from the ship. The chaperone will act as a monitor of sorts, ensuring that travelers are following proper health protocols such as face masks and social distancing to help prevent the spread of the coronavirus.  It is one of the most unique and certainly most restrictive – and, uh, potentially uncomfortable – guidelines set for tourists since the pandemic began six months ago.  "Guests will be able to enjoy the different destinations the ships visit, but this will be only as part of an organized MSC Cruises excursion that will be delivered with the same high standards of health and safety as on board," the company said in a press release. "By taking this decision the Company is able to ensure that every aspect of the guest's time ashore meets the appropriate standards of health and hygiene from ensuring that transfers are properly sanitized, that tour guides and drivers are wearing PPE, venues and sites to be visited are pre-screened through to ensuring there are reserved areas for MSC Cruises guests at attractions." ”

Read more

 

Ruby Princess: New South Wales premier apologizes over cruise ship outbreak

“State officials in Australia have apologized for their failures over the handling of a huge Covid-19 outbreak on the Ruby Princess cruise ship.  Last week, an inquiry found New South Wales health authorities made "serious mistakes" in allowing about 2,650 passengers to disembark when the ship docked in Sydney in March. Those people were not tested for the virus, despite suspected cases aboard. The ship was ultimately linked to at least 900 infections and 28 deaths. Prior to Australia's second wave of the virus - which emerged in Melbourne in June - the cruise ship had been the source of Australia's biggest coronavirus cluster. NSW Premier Gladys Berejiklian said she was particularly sorry to the 62 people who had caught the virus from passengers who disembarked. "I can't imagine what it would be like having a loved one - or being someone yourself who continues to suffer and experience trauma as a result - and I want to apologise unreservedly," she said.”  

Read more…

 

First Mediterranean cruise sets sail after Italy's coronavirus lockdown lifts

“ROME – Cruise ship passengers were having their temperatures checked and taking COVID-19 tests Sunday so they could set sail on what is being billed as the first Mediterranean cruise after Italy’s pandemic lockdown. The cruise ship company MSC has made the procedures, for crew as well as passengers, part of its new health and safety protocols. The MSC Grandiosa, which was christened last year, was scheduled to depart from the northern Italian port of Genoa on Sunday evening for a seven-night cruise in the western Mediterranean. Anyone testing positive or who has a fever or other COVID-19 symptoms will be denied boarding, the company said. Guests must wear face masks in elevators and other areas where social distancing is not possible. The crew spent time in quarantine before the start of the cruise. Earlier this month, the Italian government gave its approval for cruise ships to once again depart from Italy’s ports. But cruise ships are being limited to 70% capacity.  MSC declined to say how many passengers were sailing on this cruise.” 

Read more

 

'Stop the fear mongering!': Peeved cruise-goers tell the CDC they're ready to set sail despite the pandemic

“As the expiration date for the United States' no-sail order on the cruise industry gets closer, the Centers for Disease Control wants to know how cruisers about getting back on the water — and the short answer, for most, is that they've been ready. "Cruising is being unfairly singled out," one person wrote to the CDC. "People are catching it everywhere. Let us cruise." In July, the CDC put out a call for input on how to restart cruises, asking the public its thoughts on questions related to "planning and infrastructure," "resumption of passenger operations," and other concerns. The CDC has just shy of 2,500 responses — which range from a single sentence to multiple paragraphs — as of this writing, and has shared more than 1,400 of them. The call comes as the cruise industry continues to face a no-sail order by the CDC through September 30, and after cruises made international headlines at the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic.”

Read more

 

MSC Grandiosa Departs Genoa For First Cruise With New Protocols

“The MSC Grandiosa departed Genoa on Sunday night for the start of MSC's first cruise since it paused operations in March due to COVID-19. Sailing with trimmed occupancy and 10 percent of staterooms set aside for isolation, MSC's flagship will visit Civitavecchia/Rome, Naples, Palermo and Valletta.   In addition, MSC clarified it will only restart operations in the U.S. when the time is right, following approval by the CDC and other relevant authorities across the region in observance of their requirements and guidelines

A second MSC ship, the MSC Magnifica, will debut into operation later this month sailing cruises to the Eastern Mediterranean.”

Read more…  

 

Maldives Excluded in the List of 30 Safe Stamped Countries

“In the list of 30 safe countries by World Travel and Tourism Council, Maldives is excluded which poses a million-dollar question, on how safe the internationally renowned island nation is for traveling. The aspect every traveler looks for in a country now, when boarders are slowly re-opened is the safety of the place. It is without a doubt, the topmost concern, and with the rapid spread, and simultaneous changes in positive cases, it is no longer easy to distinguish which countries are safe and which are not. In light of this, World Travel and Tourism Council, commenced certifying countries to help travelers determine the green zones, by checking if the country is certified with a ‘Safe Travel’ stamp. The countries that reopened its borders are eligible for the Safe Travel stamp, once they fully exercise the global standardized health and hygiene protocols based on the guidelines by the World Health Organisation (WHO) and the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Sectors such as hotels, restaurants, airlines, cruise lines, tour operators, attractions and parks, airports, outdoor shopping, transportation companies and many more are considered while certifying the countries with a ‘Safe Travel’ stamp. Until now, 30 countries have taken a spot on the list with its safe stamp.”

Read more

 

Parting of the Seas: Onboard a Kimberly Coral Expeditions Adventure

“Western Australia’s Kimberley region has one of the world’s wildest coastlines, much of which is only accessible by sea, writes Mark Daffey.  We all know the story about Moses and the Israelites crossing the Red Sea, right? Well, I’m witnessing a natural phenomenon that seems about as close as I’ll ever get to a re-enactment of that Biblical event. Hours earlier, Montgomery Reef was submerged beneath several metres of tepid Indian Ocean water. But with the ebbing tides, the seas have parted to reveal the world’s largest platform reef, and it’s like nothing I’ve ever seen. The tides along this remote part of the Kimberley region, Western Australia, are some of the largest on the planet, dropping and rising by as much as 12 metres during the massive spring tides. As such, they recede with such ferocity that much of the seawater gets left behind, pooling in depressions on the reef’s surface then funneling back into the ocean as gushing cascades. One Swiss couple likens the spectacle to the Norwegian fjords. A Tasmanian imagines white-water rafting down them.” 

Read more

 

CMV Cruise Ship Fleet Sits in Limbo Status

“The Cruise and Maritime Voyages (CMV) fleet currently sits laid up in the UK with an unknown future following the demise of the niche cruise brand, that featured longer well-priced itineraries on classic cruise ships. According to sources familiar with the matter, the ships are actively for sale on the secondhand market, while Administrators now overseeing the company are said to be struggling with crew repatriation.” 

Read more

 

What does it mean when a cruise ship goes into cold lay-up?

“Over the last few weeks, many cruisers have heard cruise lines say their ships may enter cold lay-up, but what does that mean?  With cruise lines entering a prolonged suspension with no cruises resuming anytime soon, one option available is to move ships from a warm lay-up into a cold lay-up. In order to get a better sense of what cold lay-up is and what it means, I turned to Commander Don Goldstein, Retired United States Coast Guard, who has over 32 years of experience. When a cruise ship goes into cold lay-up, it is essentially shutting down as much of the ship as possible in order to cut costs. Royal Caribbean's fleet is currently in a state of warm lay-up, which means they can bring the ship back to service very quickly since the machinery, lifesaving equipment and navigational equipment are all well-kept and up to date. In a cold lay-up, the opposite is true. Most of the mechanical systems are taken offline, with just the bare essentials left online to preserve the ship.” 

Read more

 

TUI To Enter River Cruise Business Later This Year

“TUI announced that its TUI River Cruise operation will set sail later this year on Nov. 26 with Christmas and New Year itineraries and a full program from April 2021. Following the Foreign and Commonwealth Office’s removal of the travel ban for river cruises, final preparations are now underway and the first images of the newly refurbished adult only ships are revealed today and new excursions for this winter announced for the UK market. TUI's three ships, TUI Isla, TUI Maya and TUI Skyla went through a major multi-million-pound makeover, taking 12 to 18 weeks to transform them into stylish and comfortable floating boutique hotels, the company said. Customers will have the choice of two restaurants both complete with floor to ceiling views of the river, – Verdastro, an elegant fine dining experience, and Bistro, a more casual scene. Two brand new bars will also be onboard, the Observatory with glass sliding doors opening out to the terrace and the Club Lounge, a relaxing coffee and cocktail bar with a digital fireplace and signature scent.”  

Read more

 

Survey Data Reveals Post COVID Cruise Trends

“A survey by CruiseCompete.com has uncovered insights about new attitudes among travelers. When asked if COVID-19 has changed how they will choose their next cruise, 58.7% report that they will compare the onboard policies of cruise lines before deciding which line they will book. However, the vast majority of survey respondents plan to cruise again before the end of 2021, (86.6% at least somewhat likely, with 62.3% definitely or very likely).  Top destinations (respondents were encouraged to select all that apply) are Caribbean/Mexico (57.2%), Europe (43.5%) and Alaska (13.7%). Other destinations of interest include Hawaiian Islands and South Pacific, Canada / New England, World, Transatlantic, Antarctica, Galapagos Islands, Panama Canal and Asia. Respondents also expressed a "write-in" interest in river cruises and small ships.” 

Read more…

 

Disclaimer: The views expressed in the articles above are those of the authors' and do not necessarily represent or reflect the views of this e-Newsletter


Having trouble reading?

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August 26, 2020

CDC started posting comments from the public

Having trouble reading?

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